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Queanbeyan is located near the Canberra and New South Wales state border. The picturesque land on the Molonglo River, that would become the city of Queanbeyan, was a popular stop-off point in the early 1800s for traders from Sydney travelling to the Central Monaro region in the state's centre. Following a decade of squatters driving cattle through the region, some started to set up permanent residence in the 1820s with the area proclaimed a town in 1838.
With some small success with lead and silver mines and a small influx of miners during the gold rush, Queanbeyan would become a centre for grain production in the region. Significantly Queanbeyan was home to pioneering grain scientist William Farrer whose work with developing strains of disease resistant wheat would revolutionise the grain production industry in Australia.
Whilst grain and manufacturing industries remain prevalent in the Queanbeyan region today, its relative proximity to the political centre of Canberra and its relaxed rural setting has had Queanbeyan become a favoured base for public servants and their families.