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Established as a town in 1846, Orange grew from the gold rush era following the discovery of the first payable gold by William Tom and John Lister in nearby Ophir. As gold brought significant wealth to the town, the cities architecture began to reflect this with an imposing pillared Courthouse, wide streets and grand Victorian villas being built, many of which are still standing today.
However, it was the remarkably fertile lands and reliable rainfall which sustained the town long after the gold rush had subsided. With initial successful crops of wheat and barley, Orange quickly gained a reputation for being the grain heartland of New South Wales with several flour mills established by the early 1900s.
Orange is today renowned as a premier food and wine region of New South Wales, with the annual Orange Food week held in April. Known for its distinctive cold climate chardonnay, the wine industry in Orange has taken off in recent years with just over 50 producing vineyards and 25 cellar doors in the region.