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Known as Gunyungalung to the Cabrogal people who had inhabited the land for over 40 000 years before white settlement, Liverpool city was founded by Governor Lachlan Macquarie in 1810. NThe suburb was named after the Robert Banks Jenkinson, who was Secretary of State for the Colonies and also the Earl of Liverpool. Liverpool became a pivotal part in Governor Macquarie’s controversial emancipation reforms with former convict Francis Greenway appointed to design the town.
Initially established as an agricultural centre, industry in Liverpool quickly grew as its position at the head of the Georges River and its railway station made it a key town in the transportation of goods between Sydney and Melbourne in the 1850s. Its agricultural roots remained present for another 100 years, with poultry farms and market gardens accounting for commercial trade from the town right into the 1950s. After World War I, the areas surrounding Liverpool were used in the Returned Soldiers Settlement Scheme, which gave allotments of land to soldiers to set up farms and small industry. The local population was given another boost in the 1960s when the first of many sprawling housing estates were established.
Today, with a steadily growing population, the city of Liverpool is proudly multicultural with over 60% of its residents descended from recent migrants and although a primarily residential suburb manufacturing and retail are the leading local industries.